‘A-Team’ of Math Proves a Critical Link Between Addition and Sets

In a randomly chosen set of numbers, addition can go wild. Add together every pair from such a set, and you’ll end up with a new list that’s likely to have a lot more numbers than what you started with. Start with 10 random numbers, and this new list (called the sumset) will have about 50 elements. Start with 100 and the sumset will probably have around 5,000; 1,000 random initial numbers will...


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